Ketamine: Effects, Hazards & Overdose
Ketamine is a liquid medicine that helps in the treatment of pain by injecting and maintaining anesthesia. It delivers sedation in the body and provides relaxation and alertness. Other than that, it helps to deal with depression and anxiety.
Ketamine is a very primitive medication used in wars and on the battlefield. Since the 1970s, it has been widely prescribed medicine in the USA in the form of injected anesthesia.
It belongs to a drug class known as dissociative anesthetics. It is also known as Ketalar, Ketanest, and Ketaset. Besides that, the medicine has some chemical composition of hallucinogen, phencyclidine (PCP), dextromethorphan, and laughing gas or nitrous oxide.
How does it work?
Ketamine starts working in 5 to 15 minutes, and this one is used during operation and surgeries. The sedation of ketamine is lasting longer than 25 minutes.
What are the dosages of Ketamine?
It comes in multiple forms and dosages, including 75 to 125 mg by the Intramuscular (IM) route or subcutaneous injection. Secondly, 60 to 250 mg is given using the Insufflation route (intranasal or “snorting”). Moreover, the Intravenously (IV) route is available in a dose of 50 to 100 mg. Lastly, you can take ketamine through the mouth in the dose of 200 to 300 mg.
Side Effects & Health Hazards of Ketamine
Ketamine brings both short-term and permanent adverse effects, including:
- Problem in attention
- Learning issues and Memory loss
- Memory loss
- High blood pressure
- Lack of consciousness
- Slow breathing
These types of side-effects can disappear within 2-3 days. But, if they become intolerable, then get a different medication to treat that.
- Bladder pain
- Problem in kidney
- Stomach pain
- Poor memory
- Depression and anxiety
These are the causes of severe problems by Ketamine medicine that requires instant medical attention.
Ketamine is a popular medicine in medical history and part of medical treatment. It has multiple functions, such as depression treatment and pain relief. By looking at its history, ketamine used in wars to prevent pain on a battlefield. Therefore, you need to ask your doctor before taking this.